Boston vagy francia?
Boston terrier vagy Francia bulldog? Lássuk a különbséget!
Back to Basics: A Comparison of the Boston Terrier and the French Bulldog
The Boston Terrier and the French Bulldog are often the subject of casual comparisons. To some, the breeds are more like variations on a theme; to others, like night and day.
Köszönjük a képeket DKSZ-nek
The American Gentleman and the Clown in the Cloak of a Philosopher — the Boston Terrierand the French Bulldog. These two breeds, related to one another genetically and historically, are often the subject of casual comparisons. To some, the breeds are more like variations on a theme; to others, like night and day.
Both breeds have their roots in the English Bulldog and local breeds, although the French Bulldog’s ancestry is a bit more clouded than the Boston’s. The Frenchie was developed from Toy Bulldogs in the mid-to-late 1800s. When England outlawed bull baiting in 1835, there were variations of the Bulldog that suddenly didn’t fulfill a purpose. When the increase in mechanization during the Industrial Revolution forced English lacemakers out of the Nottingham region of England and into the Calais area of France, they took their Toy Bulldogs with them. A number of other breeds, most notably the Pug and Terrier Boule, were possibly interbred to set size and type. Originally seen with both erect and rose ears, the Petite Boule quickly became the star of the Parisian working class and the favorite of theBelles de Nuit, or ladies of the night, who introduced the breed to the upper classes.
American tourists brought the breed back from France, and it was the American fanciers who preferred the erect ear over the rose-eared varieties. When the breed was first exhibited at Westminster in 1896, the English judge selected rose-eared specimens as winners over the erect-eared ones. This so incensed the American fanciers that in 1897 the French Bulldog Club of America was formed, which set the bat ear as the only acceptable ear type, with other ear types disqualifying. It was through this American effort that type was set in the breed.
The Boston Terrier’s American heritage is more obvious than the Frenchie’s. Through inbreeding in the last quarter of the 19th century (and possibly breeding to the French Bulldog, the white English Terrier, and other local bull-and-terrier type breeds) a handful of dogs was used to develop the Round Heads or American Bull Terriers as they were then called. In 1889 the American Bull Terrier Club was formed in Boston. As time went on, there was considerable objection to the name from both the Bulldog and Bull Terrier fanciers. Because Boston was where the club was organized, in 1891 the name of the breed was changed to the Boston Terrier, and the Boston Terrier Club was formed. In 1893 the American Kennel Club recognized the breed for registration in the stud book and the club as a member club. Many years of breeding would be required in the early 20th century, however, to standardize the breed and develop the type that would be recognizable as the Boston Terrier of today.
In general appearance, the two breeds share similarities. They are both brachycephalic, active, expressive, intelligent, compactly built, small to medium in size, and short-tailed with a smooth coat. Balance, expression, color and white markings should be given particular consideration in the Boston Terrier, and neither breed should have a feature so prominent (from either lack or excess) that the dog appears poorly proportioned.